The common buzzard (Buteo buteo) is a medium-to-large bird of prey found across much of Europe and parts of Asia. It is known for its distinctive appearance, with broad wings, a short neck, and a fan-shaped tail. Common buzzards are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, grasslands, and open countryside.
These raptors primarily feed on small mammals, birds, and occasionally carrion. They are often seen soaring in the sky, using thermal updrafts to glide effortlessly as they search for food. Their mewing call is a familiar sound in many rural landscapes.
The common buzzard has a wide range of color variations, from light to dark brown plumage, and its underparts are usually lighter with streaks. It's a relatively common and widespread species, often spotted perched on fence posts, trees, or telephone poles.
In recent years, the common buzzard's population has shown signs of recovery, thanks in part to conservation efforts and improved understanding of their ecological needs. They play an important role in maintaining the balance of ecosystems by controlling rodent populations and contributing to the overall health of their habitats.
buzzard’s diet includes small mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, amphibians, carrion, and occasionally larger prey like squirrels or hares.