The United Kingdom is home to several species of extremely rare birds, the Scottish Crossbill being among the rarest. This bird was only ever seen in Scotland, and it has since become extinct anywhere else. The population is extremely low and falling, hence the IUCN has placed it in the “Endangered” category. The Scottish Crossbill is a tiny bird that utilises its crisscrossed beak to open fir cones and harvest the seeds inside. It thrives in the pine forests of Scotland and other coniferous regions. The Corncrake, the Capercaillie, and the Red Kite are just a few of the other extremely uncommon bird species that may be found in the United Kingdom.

The Scottish Crossbill

Nowhere else in the world can you find the Scottish Crossbill besides Scotland. Specifically, the pine forests of Scotland are its preferred habitat. The Scottish Crossbill is endemic to Scotland and can be seen in a variety of woodland areas around the country. It is also present in various types of coniferous woodland around Scotland, however it is typically fairly rare and difficult to find. Due to its small and diminishing population, the Scottish Crossbill has been given the “Endangered” status by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).


The Capercaillie is a huge bird found in Europe and Asia’s forests. It is also known as the Wood Grouse and the Capercaillie Cock. A number of European countries have it, including Scotland, Sweden, Norway, and Finland. The Capercaillie is an imperilled species that is exclusively found in Scotland. Especially prevalent in the Scottish Highlands, this species prefers coniferous woods but has been documented in mixed deciduous and coniferous woodlands. Capercaillies are notoriously hard to spot in the wild due to their timid nature. It prefers the cover of thick vegetation and the shade of trees, and is most active then.


Corncrake, also called Landrail, refers to a little brown bird that lives on the ground and is endemic to Europe and Asia. A number of nations are home to this species, including the United Kingdom, where it is in rapid decline but still found. Grassy environments like fields, meadows, and pastures are typical habitats for the Corncrake, and the species is often linked with farms. Since it prefers to hide amongst the underbrush in the natural, this bird is notoriously difficult to spot. The Corncrake is a dawn and dusk bird, and its characteristic “craaking” call is typically the first indication of its presence. Because of its migratory nature, it spends the colder months in Africa.


A big and easily recognisable raptor, the Red Kite can be found in the wilds of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It belongs to the hawk family and is easily recognisable by its long, forked tail and distinctive reddish-brown plumage. The Red Kite is a scavenger that eats a wide range of foods, from carrion to insects to small mammals. It was previously widespread in the United Kingdom (UK), but was driven to extinction in the nineteenth century by human persecution and the destruction of its natural habitat. Although it had been extinct in the UK, the red squirrel was successfully reintroduced in the late 20th century and is now widespread in Wales, Scotland, and even some regions of England. As a result of declining habitat and other risks, the Red Kite has been designated as “Near Threatened” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).